1. Passive design: Incorporating smart building orientation, insulation, and shading to reduce the need for mechanical heating and cooling.
2. Energy-efficient appliances and lighting: Installing energy-efficient HVAC systems, LED lighting, and appliances rated with ENERGY STAR certification.
3. Solar energy: Utilizing solar panels to generate electricity and reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
4. Rainwater harvesting: Collecting rainwater for non-potable uses like irrigation, toilet flushing, and laundry.
5. Greywater recycling: Treating and reusing water from sinks, showers, and laundry for non-potable purposes.
6. Green roofs and walls: Installing vegetated roofs and walls that improve insulation, reduce stormwater runoff, and provide wildlife habitat.
7. Sustainable materials: Choosing eco-friendly and locally sourced materials with lower embodied carbon, such as recycled content, bamboo, straw bale, or reclaimed wood.
8. Water-efficient fixtures: Installing low-flow toilets, faucets, and showerheads to conserve water.
9. Waste reduction and recycling: Implementing construction waste management plans to divert materials from landfills and encourage recycling.
10. Building automation and controls: Utilizing smart technologies that optimize building operations, including energy monitoring, occupancy sensors, and advanced HVAC and lighting controls.